Theodore Church -
Uzumlu Church -
Mazi Underground Cities -
church is located on the west side of Gomede Valley, about 2km west
of the town of Mustafapasa. The church has a rectangular plan, two apses,
and two naves with flat ceiling and supported by two columns. On the walls
of the west nave are semi embossed columns decorated with red ochre paint
and between them are niches. The nave to the east is decorated with embellishments
of geometrical and floral motifs. To the side of this nave, facing the
Gomede Valley and the door of which is partly collapsed, is a grave that
might have belonged to the donor of the church.
The apse of the eastern nave is decorated with three Maltese Crosses bordered
with palm leaves and in each of these the name of a Patriarch is written.
The Maltese cross in the centre of the three, bearing the names instead
of the paintings of the patriarchs, symbolizes Abraham and the others Isaac
state that these Maltese crosses symbolise Heaven or the three crosses
on Golgotha hill. The big cross on the ceiling, around which are decorations
with geometrical and floral motifs, symbolises St Constantinople
according to the inscription on the cornice.
Along side these motifs related to the notion of Iconoclasm, two important
saints, St.Basil and St Gregory of Nazianzus are depicted on the front
of the apse. According to some researchers, the Chapel of St Basil dates
back to the Iconoclastic Period (726-843) or to a later period.