of Prehistoric cultures in Cappadocia can most easily be found around KöskHoyuk/Nigde,
Asiklihoyuk/Aksaray and in the Civelek cave near Nevsehir. Excavations
in these three areas are still taking place.
discovered the first brick living quarters in Cappadocia in Asikli
Hoyuk (mound), an extension of Aksaray's Ihlara Canyon settlements.
Yellow and pink clay plaster was used in making the walls and floors of
the houses, some of the most beautiful and complicated architectural examples
of first towns.
They buried the dead in
the Hocker position, like a foetus in the womb, on the floor of their houses.
According to Prof. U. Esin, who researched at Asikli Hoyuk,
a population greater that had been previously theorised is revealed by
the abundance and density of the settlements in these areas in the Aceramic
No where else in Anatolia
can the unique obsidian tools be found like those from Cappadocian Tumulus.
Figurines, made from lightly baked clay, were unearthed together with flat
stone axes wrought in many fine shapes, chisels and coulters made from
bones and ornaments made from copper, agate and other different kinds of
stones. Evidence provided by a skeleton found here indicates that the earliest
brain surgery (trepanation) known in the world was performed on a woman
20-25 years of age at Asikli Hoyuk.